Holbeck has suffered significant decline since the 19th century; many of the industrial buildings and warehouses have been demolished or fallen into disrepair. Holbeck is nevertheless home to 33l isted buildings and many other important architectural structures, some of the most notable of these are: The Dark Arches, the Hol Beck, Marshall's Mill, the Midland Mills, the Round Foundry,Temple Works, Tower Works and two railway roundhouses.
The Cottingley estate was built in the 1970s, replacing an estate of temporary prefabricated housing that had previously been on the site. The estate was built on 'New Town Principles' (similar to Bransholme in Kingston upon Hull), the estate is set around a series of cul de sacs, segregating large volumes of traffic from housing and pedestrians. This method of building has often been criticised as creating a 'rabbit warren', impractical for the local police. Although on larger estates of similar style this causes a problem, the effects on Cottingley have been minimal.
The district begins on the southern edge of the Leeds city centre and mainly lies in the LS11Leeds postcode area. The M1 and M621 motorways used to end (begin) in Holbeck. Now the motorway M621 is the only motorway that passes through the area since the end of the M1 moved to Hook Moor near Aberford. Since large parts of Holbeck have been vacated in preparation for the regeneration of the area, the district has in large parts suffered from a population diminution.
Beeston is an area of south Leeds, West Yorkshire, England with a population of about 16,000.Large parts of the area are deprived, particularly around Beeston Hill, with many former local authority residences unoccupied and rumoured to be scheduled for demolition. Beeston is more affluent to the south and west of Cross Flatts Park and is home to Leeds United A.F.C. and Hunslet Hawks RLFC. The area is well linked with the M1, M62 and the M621 and is situated approximately two miles south of Leeds city centre. It is surrounded by Holbeck, Hunslet, Cottingley, Morley, Middleton and Belle Isle.
Holbeck was once well served by rail; Holbeck Station (now demolished) was notable because it was a two-tier station with a low line and a high line. A disused railway viaduct still runs through Holbeck. When it was built in 1869, it was thought to be one of the engineering marvels of the Victorian age. Plans are now underway to convert the track bed (which is currently overgrown with trees and shrubs) into a raised walkway leading directly into Leeds City centre.
From 1956 to 2004 Kays Catalogues was the largest employer in Holbeck and had a distribution centre on Marshall Street. Kays acquired Samuel Driver Ltd in 1956 and took over its Holbeck depot. Part of the Kays premises is a Listed building.
Beeston is mentioned as Bestone in the 1086 Domesday Book. Cad Beeston manor house has been dated by dendochronology to about 1420, and is a grade II* listed building; it is used as private offices with no public access. Beeston was one of the chapelries of the ancient parish of Leeds. Beeston was a township and civil parish 1866-1904, then was absorbed into Holbeck civil parish before this was absorbed into Leeds in 1925.
The old manor belonged to the priory of the Holy Trinity at York and after the Dissolution of the Abbeys passed to the Darcy and Ingram families. In the 18th century Holbeck was known for its spa water, which resembled that of Harrogate, and was carried into Leeds for sale. The supply diminished when numerous wells were sunk to supply the mills and works in the area and the water, which previously rose to the surface, could only be obtained by pumping from a considerable depth.
Up until the 19th century, Beeston was a small mining village situated on a hill overlooking Leeds. However, during the Industrial Revolution, land that had been occupied by open pits, as well as land formerly utilised for farming was snapped up for high density residential development.Beeston was formerly home to Waddingtons, the factory was vacated in the 1990s and is now home to Nampak Cartons.
Cottingley is an urban area in the south-west of Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Most of Cottingley is a 1960s council estate. The two tower blocks situated on a hill at the centre of the estate are Leeds's tallest flats. In the 1980s, these were in a poor condition, and had particular problems with squatters. At the end of the decade, they were refurbished and their condition was improved.
Cottingley railway station serves the area. It is situated on the Leeds to Huddersfield line and was opened in 1988.
In the first half of the 19th century Holbeck village was a hamlet of few streets, most were owned by John Scholey (1774–1834) and are listed in his will at the Borthwick Institute for Archives, University of York. His family sold the properties at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. The area became industrial and several mills including John Marshall's Mill were built to spin flax and thread. Marshalls Mill consisted of a spacious room lit by skylights, occuping an area of nearly two acres. There were ironworks, works for the manufacture of steam-engines and machinery of all kinds. Matthew Murray's Round Foundry on Water Lane was where the Middleton Railway's first steam locomotives were built. In the mid 19th century Holbeck was one of the most densly populated suburbs of Leeds. Colonel Thomas Harding was another industrialist with works in the area. By 1834 Holbeck was "the most crowded, most filthy and unhealthy village in the country." Slum clearance began by 1900.
One criticism of Cottingley is its lack of local amenities. However the nearby town of Morley and the White Rose Centre provide supermarkets, pubs and other entertainments.
The local school is Cottingley Primary School.Hasib Hussain, the suicide bomber responsible for the Tavistock Square bus bombing in London on 7 July 2005, lived in the Holbeck.
Holbeck is a district in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
The Leeds and Liverpool Canal also runs through Holbeck.
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