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LS19 LEEDS - Rawdon, Yeadon Leeds flats and houses

“Rawden,” means in Old English, “a dweller in the rough valley.” The manor, or tract of land, on the hill near the “rough valley” awarded to Paulyn was on the River Aire in the former Urban District of Aireborough in Yorkshire, England’s largest county. Rawdon, as it is spelled nowadays, is a quiet residential village with a fine view of Aire valley.

Rawdon has a conservation area called Little London which lies to the westernmost area of Rawdon. Little London conservation area is unique in that the historic area covered by the designation straddles the boundary of the district and one of its neighbours, Bradford. This area was, until the local government reorganisation in 1974, part of a district called Aireborough which was arbitrarily divided between Leeds and Bradford during reorganisation. The portion of the conservation area lying in Leeds was designated in 1975 and was extended in 1988.

The portion of the conservation area lying in Bradford was designated in 1977. The Bradford designation centres on Lane Head House, built for the steward of Esholt Hall Estate c1710-1720, with its associated cottages, and outbuildings and other mainly late eighteenth century development completing the designation. Little London is at the westernmost tip of the contiguous urbanised settlement of Rawdon which coalesces with Guiseley, the centre of which is approximately 1.5 km to the northeast of the conservation area. Greengates, and the edge of the Bradford urban area, is 2 km to the south of Little London. The area to the west of the conservation area is rural Green Belt, with Esholt village lying 2 km to the west of Little London in the Green Belt.

At the time of invasion, Paulyn, in common with his peers, had no true surname, or family name. Surnames were not yet necessary to distinguish one man from another. In fact, it seems that the first real use of the surname came about because of the Norman invaders’ need to know how much land they controlled and what the value of the land was. To determine this, a census, called the Domesday Survey, was taken of the 5500-or-so land-holding knights and each was identified with a surname.

The national charity Epilepsy Action has its headquarters in the town. The town is built mainly of stone buildings, making it more like neighbouring Bradford in appearance than Leeds.

There are many other places throughout the UK known as Little London.

If Paulyn was still alive when the Domesday Survey was made, we assume that he received his surname – taken from the place-name Rawden (as it was spelled at that time). He is generally referred to as Paulyn de Rawden, meaning simply Paulyn of Rawden Hill Manor.

With William the Conqueror was a commander of archers named Paulyn who rendered such faithful and courageous service to the Norman cause that he was rewarded with lands, a portion of which was the manor on Rawden Hill. Granting manors to military leaders was more than a matter of largesse on William’s part. It was the medieval method of controlling newly conquered countries. For Paulyn, as for scores of other new lords of new manors, it meant a continuing obligation to the new ruler, but it also meant a near guarantee of prosperity by means of a new family seat and the control over fiefdom.

Rawdon Billing is a well known local landmark that can be seen from a considerable distance.

Rawdon is a village in the metropolitan borough of the City of Leeds, West Yorkshire,England.

At the time of the Anglo-Saxons in the early 7th century AD much of the Aire valley was still heavily wooded, although perhaps Yeadon itself stood out above the tree line. The place name is probably derived from two Old English words meaning high hill. Later Viking settlers called the highest point in the area Yeadon Haw. 'Haw' in this sense is derived from the Old Norse word haugr which also means hill.

Yeadon is northwest of Leeds, at one of the highest points of the city, making it an unusual location for an airport. Yeadon Tarn (also known as Yeadon Dam) is located between High Street and the airport runway. During the Second World War it was drained to prevent enemy aircraft using its reflection as a landmark to identify the nearby Avro factory.The tarn is used for sailing and fishing. Mallard ducks, swans and a sizable population of Canada Geese can be found at the tarn. There is a BMX bike track adjacent to it, with competitions held in the summer.

Historically a part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, Yeadon was a clothing and mill town in the 19th century. It had a cattle fair every year on the first Monday in April and the Yeadon Feast in the third week of August, which was held on Albert Square at the top of the High Street. The fair continued until the early 1980s, when housing for the elderly was built on the site.

Yeadon is the location of one of the oldest fish and chip shops in the world, established in the 1870s. It is located on Sandy Way, just off Town Street, which is a cobbled hill to be found at the western end of the high street and is known locally as The Steep, or The Cobbles.

Avro had a factory next to Yeadon Aerodrome from 1938 to 1946 which produced many of the company's wartime planes, including the Lancaster, Lincoln, York and Anson. Approximately 700 Lancasters were produced at Yeadon. The town still has strong links with Leeds Bradford International Airport, with a considerable percentage of the local population employed there. Aviation heritage in Yeadon is also kept alive by the activities of 2168 (Yeadon) Squadron Air Training Corps. The former Yorkshire and England cricket captain Brian Close lived in the town during his childhood.

Yeadon is a town within the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, in West Yorkshire, England It is home to Leeds Bradford International Airport.

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