Swillington used to be a coal mining village until the pit closed, which caused major upsets in the community. Where Primrose Hill pit once stood is now a housing estate with streets taken from the collieries name (Primrose Hill Drive, Primrose Hill Green etc). Most residents commuteto the nearby cities of Leeds and Wakefield or the towns of Rothwell and Castleford to work.
Swillington is a small village and civil parish near Leeds, West Yorkshire, England, in theCity of Leeds metropolitan borough It is located east of the River Aire and surrounded by streams including Fleakingley Beck. As of 2001, Swillington had a population of about 3,530.
Rothwell is part of the Rhubarb Triangle and is mentioned in the 1086 Domesday Book("Rodewelle"). It has a long history and was once the site of a royal hunting lodge (at Rothwell Castle, off Wood Lane). One of the lodge's documented owners was John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, who is supposed to have killed the last wild boar in England while hunting nearby, hence a boar's head formed part of the arms of the former Rothwell Urban District Council. The parish church (Church Street) is dedicated to Holy Trinity and is on the site of an Anglo Saxon predecessor. The current church, which has a ring of eight bells, is of medieval origins but was substantially rebuilt in the 19th Century: the tower retains medieval fabric believed to be from the 15th century. There is some debate as to whether or not the church benefits from Chancel Repair Liability.
There are several walks which can be taken in the area including the Leeds Country Way which passes through the village.
Nearby villages and towns include Garforth, Kippax, Castleford, Great Preston, Little Preston Allerton Bywater, Oulton, Woodlesford,Rothwelland Methley.
Leventhorpe Vineyard is near the village, and has been recommended by Rick Stein.It was until recently the most northerly commercial vineyard in Britain. (There is now one further north, near Malton.) It was established in 1986 by George Bowden.
Swillington has had quite a strong community spirit in the past which probably dates back to the mining days. However there has been an influx of people from outside of the village in recent years which has detracted this. The village school, the sporting clubs and the drinking establishments are now the vital links keeping the community together.
YEDL, the local electricity distribution company, has its overhead line school at Swillington where it trains its apprentice linesmen and qualified linesmen in the correct techniques required to work on the electricity network throughout its license area.
Another well recommended local business is Swillington Organic Farm, a fully Soil Association certified farm on the former Lowther estate which has been frequented by celebrity chefs and has produce that was voted the 'Best Meat In Yorkshire' in 2007.
The town was granted the rights of a market town in the 15th century and a twice yearly fair. The tradition of a fair is maintained by the annual Carnival which is organised by the Rothwell Entertainments Committee. The Carnival takes place in early July in Springhead Park.
The village facilities include St. Mary's Church, aPost Office, one pub called "The Swillington", a doctors surgery, two Social Clubs, (The Miners Welfare and the Labour Club), a fish and chip shop, a Horse riding centre, a garden centre, a gun shop, a petrol station, a community centre and a parade of shops. The major roads through the village are Wakefield Road theA642, Swillington Lane and Astley Lane. There are also recreational grounds surviving from the mining days which are used by local people to play sports such as Football, Cricket, Rugby League and Lawn Bowls. Unfortunately the grandstand of the football pitch has not been maintained in recent times and is currently seriously dilapidated.
Rothwell is a market town on the River Dolphin in the south east of the City of Leeds metropolitan borough in West Yorkshire, situated between Oulton to the east, Belle Isle to the west, Woodlesford to the north east and Robin Hood to the south west. Swillington,Methley and Kippax are located near Rothwell. Rothwell has a population of 21,010, and the Rothwell ward has an estimated population of 32,365. The town has benefited from recent improvements in the transport infrastructure, most notably the nearby A1/M1 link road. Rothwell is part of the West Yorkshire Urban Area. The nearest railway station is Woodlesford
"The Swillington" as it is called is not legally a pub because the historical land owners in the area (the Lowther family) decreed that no pub could ever be built on their lands after they had sold them. Consequently "The Swillington" is a hotel, although its main function is as a licensed bar. Swillington Hall, the seat of the Lowthers was demolished in 1952.
The local school, Swillington Primary School is a medium sized school with around 270 pupils. Swillington does not have its own secondary school so pupils normally go to either Brigshaw High School (which is a specialist language college) or Garforth Community College (which is a specialist performing arts college).
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